As part of this week's "Now is the time" executive actions, the White House released a memorandum entitled "Memorandum -- Promoting Smart Gun Technology" The concept of a "smart gun" seems great in theory. ( However... )
I guess it's that time again. Everyone seems to be asking, "Why can't we build a high speed rail network?" In at least three different venues, I've seen people either asking that question or linking to articles such as the one from Brookings claiming it's due to a lack of political will.( Here is my take. )
This is not a post about gun laws. It's about memes. If you want to debate gun laws, please do so elsewhere.
The following Meme was shared by some of my Facebook friends, having gotten it from those bastions of integrity, Occupy Democrats and/or Being Liberal:
In summary, not a single assertion of the meme is more than half-true. No matter where you stand on the issue, posting a meme like this one doesn't persuade anyone and provokes the usual (and equally bogus) knee-jerk reactions. For anyone who actually pauses to think about the meme, it just comes off as dishonest and silly.
At least in my circles on Facebook and other places, the favorite villain in this saga is Nestlé. They are, by their own account, drawing 725 million gallons of water a year for their 5 California Bottled water plants, which is actually more than the oft-quoted figure of 400 million gallons. They then have the audacity to sell this water to willing buyers for a handsome profit. Oddly enough, those buyers are also mainly in California, and most of those buyers have ready access to tap water. So it's safe to assume that each gallon of water sold by Nestlé and consumed in California means that a reduction in consumption of just under one gallon of tap water.
That doesn't mean bottling water in California, is, well, a wash. According to the bottled water trade group, it takes 1.4 gallons of water to produce a gallon of bottled water. I believe that the actual number should be higher, since it doesn't such things as the water consumed by workers at the plant. It also requires more energy to move water by truck or rail than by pipeline. And when you're done with the product, you're left with a bottle. Recycling a plastic bottle does keep it out of a landfill, but from what I can tell it actually takes more water to recycle a water bottle than to produce the same amount of "virgin" plastic.
So it's pretty clear that on the supply side, bottled water is an ecological loser, especially in a drought area like California. But given that people are freely chosing to buy the stuff even when tap water is readily available, what are the alternatives? Does it really make more sense from an overall environmental standpoint to send water by, truck, train or boat, from, say, Fuji, France, Maine or even the Olympic Peninsula? So if Nestlé is evil (and at least for this essay, I'll accept that they are), it's the same evil as a drug pusher. They are selling a product which people buy and consume far more than is rational for them to do so.
How about other beverage companies? Budweiser has two mega-breweries in California, MillerCoors has one as well, and there are perhaps 500 other smaller breweries. Beer is water intensive; not counting water used to grow hops or grains it takes about 4 gallons of water to produce a gallon of beer. All of the major soft-drink companies have bottling plants in California as well, and it takes about 2 gallons of water to produce a gallon of soda. Wine? I'd rather skip that one for now; it raises the ugly issue of agricultural versus urban use. So if Nestlé is evil, why isn't there the same rancor about other drink companies?
All of which brings me to golf. According to the Washington Times (not exactly a liberal rag), each 18-hole golf course consumes (conservatively, naturally) about 90 million gallons of water a year. So Nestlé uses about as much water as eight golf courses. The article also states that there are about 860 golf courses in California. So as an industry, golfing uses about 100 times the California water as Nestlé.
Golf should be an easy target. It's a recreation of the well-to-do; the average golfer has a household income of $95,000 and spends about $3000 a year on the game. The people who play it are predominately white (~87%) and male (~78%). Nor do golf course operators exactly endear themselves to the general populace; threatening to sue local artists for offering a painting of a tree for sale is not a way to win friends.
So hence my bewilderment. While I understand the need for simple "answers" for such complex problems as the politics of water, why are so many electrons spent vilifying Nestlé when there are so many attractive alternative villains out there?
Just under 2 hours later, I did get a callback. But apparently it was not possible to place an order for 2 replacement plates. Instead, I had to place two orders -- one for each (identical) plate. The agent required me to read off my credit card number once for each order, then read off the CVV once for each order, then gave me a confirmation code for each order and then made me listen to the identical boilerplate language about receiving a temporary in 3-5 days and the plates arriving in 4-6 weeks. In other words, the transaction took more than twice as long as it should have and probably resulted in the Commonwealth paying higher transaction fees to the bank.
I refuse to believe that this sort of thing happens by accident or neglect. This had to be a deliberate decision by RMV management. I'm willing to bet it was justified by some concerns over accidentially overcharging people. But all it really does is create busy work for the agents. That means that the RMV has to hire more agents and more people to manage them. In other words, bureacratic empire building at its finest.
So if you wonder how come the Massachusetts RMV had to raise fees last year to close a $53 million budget gap or why the queues are so long, I think I found part of the answer.
I refer to the suggestion President Obama made in Cleveland that voting should be mandatory as it is in Australia. My guess is that a law requiring people to report to a polling station on Election day would be held constitutional on the same grounds that compulsory jury duty is constitutional. But I also believe that any attempt to require people to actually cast votes once they get there would be a first amendment violation. I exercise my right not to vote for any listed candidates in a given "race" with some frequency.
But constitutionality aside, I think it's a colossally stupid idea. As the President himself stated, the violators of this new law would likey be "young, lower income, and skewed towards immigrant and minority groups." They are the ones who would be paying the fines and for whom the fines would hurt the most. President Obama also opined this would counteract the effect of money in campaigns. My guess is that exactly the opposite would occur. If someone doesn't feel it's worth their effort to vote now, does anyone really thing that because they are forced to vote, they will suddenly feel it's worth the much greater effort to actually learn about the candidates? If not, then the half-truths, attack ads, and vague promises that define political advertising today will become of even greater importance. Short of repealing the 1st amendment, getting "money out of politics" is a fantasy.
If this country is serious about improving our shameful voting turnout, it's time to use the carrot instead of the stick. Reasonable ideas include switching elections to the weekend, universal mailing of post-paid ballots for early voting, requiring employers to give 2 hours paid time a year for voting, and working with search engine companies like Google to ensure people can find candidate websites quickly and easily.
With our current dysfunctional government, of course, both Obama's ideas and mine have exactly zero chance of passing. So other than making himself a target of scorn, I'm not sure what President Obama was trying to accomplish with this idea.
Q: Did the GOP senators who signed this thing commit treason?
A: No. Treason against the United States is defined in the constitution. This doesn't even come close.
Q: Did the GOP senators who signed this thing violate the Logan Act?
A: By the exact wording of the Act, possibly. Let's look at the operative clauses:
- Directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government or any officer or agent thereof. No question here.
- With intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any officer or agent thereof. I don't think they had any such intent. Not because the senator's intentions were pure; this was purely a play in the ongoing domestic political game. They didn't even bother to send it in Farsi. But that's my opinion.
- In relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States. It would take quite a stretch of interpretation to say that a reference to "nuclear negotiations" is a dispute or controversery.
So, yeah, with a lot of hand waving a case could be made for a prima facie violation. But then there's that pesky thing called the 1st Amendment. The Logan Acts dates to 1799 -- one year after the Alien and Sedition Acts made clear that the early Congress thought of the Bill of Rights as "sort of a guideline." This article from Slate gives a pretty good recap of the history of the Logan Act and concludes its a joke. It's just not a particulary funny one.
Q: Could the GOP senators be impeached for their actions?
A: Almost certainly not. While the language in the Constitution is vague, it's generally interpreted to mean that only Presidential appointees are subject to impeachement.
Q: Did the GOP senators violate their oath of office?
A: No. The oath in the current form does not mention disloyalty to the President, nor does it require Congresscritters to act in the best interest of the Country. That wasn't always the case, but the "Ironclad Test Oath" was repealed in 1884.
Q: Was the Senators' letter factually correct?
A: Mostly Correct: I agree with Politifact's analysis.
Q: Did the Senator's actions interfere with the last great hope for Whirled Peas or other such grandiose nonsense?
A: No. Do the people making this claim really think that if there was really a meeting of minds, this claptrap would have any effect? It is a 100% safe bet that the Iranian diplomats and advisers know more about our system of government than any of the 47 senators know about Iran's. They know how the game is played far better than a 1st term Senator.
Q: So you're saying that the GOP senators did nothing wrong?
A: Bzzzt. Absolutely not. If one assumes that the letter was meant to be read by Iranian officials, it can only be read as incredibly arrogant and condescending. Reminding other countries how disfunctional and polarized our national politics have become is not illegal, but it is phenominally stupid. The purpose of any treaty on nuclear technology is to convince Iran that having a nuclear weapons program is not in its best interest. They will take a lot of convincing and a lot of work to keep them convinced. If the Iranian government believes that the United States won't live up to their end of the agreement, they have no reason not to continue their development clandestinely. In fact, even a moderate interpretation of the Quran gives them all the justification they need in verse 8:58.
Iran learned from their own and Israel's attack of the Iraqi Osirak reactor. Stuxnet was also a fairly good object lesson; presumably they've taken that to heart as well. As a result, I doubt that either the U.S. or Israel could destroy the Iranian nuclear program with conventional forces. If the GOP thinks that their constituency wants the USA or Israel to use a "big white one" against Iran, I pray that they realize their error in time.
- 70% of the regularly scheduled trips on the commuter Rail
- Fewer cars and less frequent service on the Blue and Green lines
- "Limited" Service on the Red and Orange lines
The weather over the last three weeks has been unprecedented, but that's only exposed the long-standing problems. So before taking sides in this troika, here are a few links and a few selected observations:
You can find an abbreviated report on the T's historical Income and Expenses here:
You can find a selection of T ridership statistics (aka The Blue Book) here:
Looking at the spreadsheets and first and last year of Blue Books, between FY2007 and FY2014:
- Ridership as measured by unlinked trips is up 5%
- Total Operating Costs are up 46%
- Wages are up 27%
- Fringe Benefits are up 26%
- Outsourced Expenses are up 78%
- Percentage Revenue from fares has dropped from 35% to 33%
- Unless it's hidden in the "Materials, Supplies, and Services" catch-all, depreciation is not included in determining deficits or surpluses.
In the last couple of week, you may have seen several stories about how the U.S. debt crisis is “over.” Political flack Ambrose Evans-Pritchard even wrote a column in the Daily Telegraph entitled “America has conquered its debt crisis with incredible speed.” Too bad it hasn’t.( Read more... )
( Read more... )